Study in Canada
Canada is a federal state with a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is officially bilingual and multicultural at the federal level. Canada is the world’s second largest country by total area.It has a common border with the United States to the south and northwest that is the longest in the world. It is a federation consisting of ten provinces and three territories, with many natural attractions. One can explore mountains and lakes, ski slopes and stunning harbours. Canada has one of the best standards of living in the world, and its cosmopolitan cities host many festivals and sports events – including the 2010 Winter Olympics. Canada is a recognized world power and a member of many international institutions, including the G7, G8, G20, NATO, NAFTA, OECD & WTO.
Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest nations which has a high per-capita income. It is one of the world’s top ten trading nations & the world’s 11th largest economy with a 2012 nominal GDP of approximately US$1.82 trillion Canada is a mixed market, ranking above the U.S. on the Heritage Foundation’s index of economic freedom and higher than most western European nations. The largest foreign importers of Canadian goods are the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan.
In the past century, the growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy to a more industrial and urban one. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of its primary sector, in which the logging and petroleum industries are two of the most important.
Canada belongs in one of the very few developed nations which are net exporters of energy. Atlantic Canada has vast offshore deposits of natural gas, and Alberta has large oil and gas resources. The immense Athabasca Oil Sands give Canada the world’s second-largest oil reserves, behind Saudi Arabia.
Meanwhile,Canada has sizable manufacturing sector that is centered in southern Ontario and Quebec, with automobiles and aeronautics representing particularly important industries. Canada is one of the world’s largest suppliers of agricultural products; the Canadian Prairies are one of the most important producers of wheat, canola, and other grains. Canada is the largest producer of zinc and uranium, and is a global source of many other natural resources, such as gold, nickel, aluminum and lead.
The variety and vastness of Canada’s geography, ecology, vegetation and landforms have given rise to a variety of climates throughout the country. Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary according to the location.
Minimum Temperature: – 14ºC
WHY STUDY IN CANADA?
As Canada has grown to become one of the top destinations for studying around the world, with excellent traditions dating back from hundreds of years.One can find high class institutions at every corner. And it is much more flexible than many other countries. Canada has much to offer to international students than the other English-speaking countries .
But what makes the Canada stand out? Why should you make Canada, a destination to further your international education?
The degrees and qualifications from Canadian higher education institutions are well-known worldwide as high quality and world class. The standard of excellence is set by some of the older universities with recognizable names, like University of Toronto, University of Calgary and McGill University, but the tradition carries through to many of the universities and colleges throughout Canada. When seeking for work in the future, this can be a great selling point in your favour!
Advanced Research and Development
Canada is an industrial nation with a highly developed science and technology sector. Nearly 1.88% of Canada’s GDP is allocated to research & development (R&D). The country has eighteen Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry and medicine. Canada ranks 12 in the world for Internet usage with 28.0 million users, 84.3% of the total population.
The Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) is an agency of the Department of National Defence, whose purpose is to respond to the scientific and technological needs of the Canadian Forces. Over the years, DRDC have been responsible for numerous innovations and inventions of practical application both in civilian and military world. These include the CADPAT, G-suit, CRV7, Carbon dioxide laser and the Flight data recorder. DRDC also contribute in the development of the most advanced Active Electronically Scanned Array in the world as part of an international effort involving Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands.
The Canadian Space Agency conducts space, planetary, and aviation research, as well as develops rockets and satellites. Canada is a participant in the International Space Station and one of the world’s pioneers in space robotics and was ranked third among 20 top countries in space sciences. Since the 1960s, Canada Aerospace Industries have designed and built 10 satellites, including RADARSAT-1, RADARSAT-2 and MOST. Canada also produced one of the most successful sounding rockets, the Black Brant; over 1000 have been launched since they were initially produced in 1961. Universities across Canada are working on the first domestic landing spacecraft: the Northern Light, designed to search for life on Mars and investigate Martian electromagnetic radiation environment and atmospheric properties. If the Northern Light is successful, Canada will be the third country to land on another planet.
The systems of public non-degree-granting institutions in Canada for the most part were created by provincial and territorial governments in the 1960s to provide labour market preparation programs as alternatives to the more theoretically oriented programs of universities. Depending on the province or territory, they are called colleges, regional colleges, centres, colleges of applied arts and technology, community colleges, institutes, schools, or, in Quebec, collèges d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEPs). In Quebec, students wishing to go on to university are generally required to complete a two-year pre-university program (the CEGEP ‘general’ program).
Universities typically offer four-year undergraduate programs leading to bachelor’s degrees. Advanced degrees include master’s degrees, generally requiring two years of study after a first degree, and doctoral degrees, requiring three to five years of postgraduate study and research as well as a dissertation.
High Quality of Life
In the last decade, Canada has repeatedly been chosen by UN as one of the best places to live in the world. It is ranked 11th by the Human Development Index in the world. The reasons listed included: high education enrollment levels; high-quality, low cost education; universal healthcare system; an uncompromising respect for fundamental rights and human dignity; clean and safe cities; and cosmopolitan, multicultural ethnic cities with many recreational amenities.
Canada’s international reputation as a peace-keeping nation extends to its citizens. Canadians comprise of many different cultures, religions and races from around the world. Students coming to Canada will experience a secure, peaceful, multicultural environment in cities and towns with people who are friendly and interested in learning about other cultures.
The main intakes offered by Universities are in January/February and September/October. Some colleges may also have intakes in March and July.
A full-time International student can work part-time as per the given guidelines:
A full-time degree student can work up to 20 hours during term-time and full-time during vacations only after 6 months of course completion;
A full-time student can also work on a work placement as part of the course;
A student can earn from $8 – $12 per hour i.e. $640 – $960 per month.
After the successful completion of the studies a student can apply for a 1 – 3 years Post-Study Work Permit.